Imaging of a Distinctive Large Bubble in Gas-water Horizontal Flow Based on Size Projection Algorithm
K. Li1,2, Q. Wang2,M. Wang2*, N. Yang1, Y. Han1
1Shanxi Key Laboratory of Signal Capturing and Processing, North University of China, Taiyuan, 030051, China
2School of Chemical and Process Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK
Electrical resistance tomography was succeed in being applied on gas-liquid two-phase flow, but it is incapable on determination of sharp interfaces between gas and water, which impedes effective estimation of fluid characteristics and flow regimes. Thresholding value method was demonstrated an abstractive view of most flow regimes, particularly a large bubble with a shape intermedium boundary. In principle, the thresholding values should be based on bubble merging principles, butis determined empirically in most practices, which may present a challenge in correctness. In this paper, a size projection algorithm is proposed for imaging a large bubble with distinctive boundary by searching an optimal thresholding value, which mayprovide a better estimation of the bubble size. Results from experiments engaged with typical gas-liquid flow regimes, including stratified, plug, slug and annular flow regimes, with large air cavity in a 50mm-diameter horizontal pipeline are reported in the paper, which especially focuses on imaging of the size of large bubble with the proposed method. The results are also compared with the images obtained from wire-mesh sensor system and videos taken from a transparent section of the test rig.
Keywords Electrical resistance tomography, gas-water flow visualisation, Distinctive large bubble, Size projection algorithm
Industrial Application General
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